Dublin, '' Baile Átha Cliath ", is the capital of The Republic of Ireland. It’s also the biggest city in the country with some 550 000 inhabitants. The city is situated at the east coast of Ireland. In this post, I will focus on the evolution of Dublin’s architectural evolution.
First, the city was established as a Viking settlement in the 9th century, but there is actually no vestige of Viking constructions because of the Norman Invasion of Ireland. So after this british invasion in 1170-1171, a lot of edifices, synonym of British power and patrimony, were built like the Dublin Castle (1204) or St Patrick’s Cathedral.
In the 16th century, Queen Elizabeth I of England wanted to make Dublin a protestant city and established some protestant edifices, like Trinity College. She also converted the St Patrick’s Cathedral to a protestant church.
The vast majority of Dublin’s notable architecture dates from the 18th century, with a huge diversity of architectural stlyes. Some significiant areas were established at this period like Temple Bar and Gafton Street, which are two remaining areas which an important medieval character (and also big touristic areas). Other important buildings and areas were established with a Georgian style like the Merrion Square or Henrietta Street. Then, other edifices were built at this time with a neo-classicism style like the Custom House.
The beginning of the 20th century was marked by the Irish War of Independance, and as a consequence the center of the city was mainly destroyed. After the war, the State of Ireland rebuilt the center but didn’t take initiative to modernise the city, so the city became an old city. But at the end of the century a modernisation plan weas established, and some modern areas were built like the Grand Canal Dock, an important hub of activities which attracts a lot of multinational firm (with a majority of IT and internet firms).